Human Resources Management


Human Resources Management (HRM) is an integral part of almost all large organizations. It is a department that looks into the recruitment process, welfare, education and participation of employees in accordance with company policy. In other words, you can definitely state that human resources management is the organization of work that deals with various issues related to people in the organization as well as performance management, hiring, wellness, benefits, development planning, safety, benefits, employee motivation, communication, management, and training

Here are some key activities performed by the Human Resources Management Department of the institution :.

– Organizational Design

– Performance Management and Appraisal

– Staffing

– rewarding, Benefits and Compliance

– Employee and Organizational Development

There are various features that are part of the human resources management function, and these activities cover the entire structure installed. As you may have noted in various organizations’ line managers “spend a considerable amount of time to control the number of human activity resource, which include discipline, take, control, evaluation and scheduling employees.

HR team or department in the organization assist the Agency in all activities related to staffing and maintaining effective and agile workforce. Some of the most important responsibility of HRM include training and development, team building, job analysis, recruitment, performance management and appraisal, compensation, worker health and safety, and to identify or develop critical methods in selecting staff. Human Resources Department provides the tools, data and methods used by line managers in human resources management component of their work.

The role of the HR department in an organization is not limited to dominate and control large work force, but studies have shown that the progressive and highly effective Human Capital Management Practices have a huge impact on the corporate bottom-line and mid-line performance. Scientists have confirmed the positive impact of good HR practices on productivity; product and service quality; Performance; and cost control. Scientists have confirmed the positive impact of good HR practices on productivity; product and service quality; Performance; and cost control.

Those who believe the human resources department as a cost instead forget the important role of the HR department in human resources management. Managing talented work force, keep practicing paid and part is an effective way to ensure quality output from the employees of the institution. In addition, human resource management provides a competitive advantage to the organization. It refers to the ability of business to develop policies that put it in a favorable position compared with other companies in the industry.


What is Strategic Human Resource Management?


The Human Resource (HR) and management circles nowadays there is much talk about Strategic Human Resource Management and many expensive books can be seen on the shelves of bookstores. But what exactly is SHRM (Strategic Human Resource Development), what are the main features and how does it differ from traditional human resource management?

SHRM or Strategic human resource management is a branch of Human resource management or HRM. It is a fairly new area, which has come out of the parent discipline of human resource management. Much of the early or so called traditional HRM literature treated the notion of strategy superficially, rather as a purely operational matter, the results of which cascade down throughout the organization. It was kind Unsaid division of territory between people-centered values ​​of HR and harder business values ​​where corporate strategies really belonged. HR practitioners felt uncomfortable in the war cabinet like atmosphere where corporate strategies were formulated.

definition SHRM

strategic human resource management can be defined as the human resources with strategic goals and objectives in order to improve business performance and develop cultures that promote innovation, flexibility and competitive advantage. The organization SHRM means accepting and involving HR function as a strategic partner in the development and implementation of the company’s strategy through HR activities such as hiring, selecting, training and rewarding staff.

how SHRM differs from HRM

In the last two decades has been a growing awareness that HR functions were like an island in itself a softer people-centered values ​​far away from the hard world of real business. To justify its own existence HR functions had to be seen as more intimately connected with the policies and daily operations of the business side of the company. Many writers in the late 1980s, began clamoring for a more strategic approach to the management of people and SOPs traditional management of people or relational models. Strategic human resource emphasizes Programs with long-term goals. Instead of focusing on internal issues of human resource, is focused on addressing and solving problems that affect people management programs in the long run and often globally. It is first and foremost goal of strategic human resources to increase employee productivity by focusing on the trade barriers that occur outside human resources. The main strategic HR functions are to identify key HR areas where procedures can be implemented in the long run to improve the overall employee motivation and productivity. Communication between HR and top management of the company is important because without the active participation of non-cooperation is possible.

Key features of strategic human resource management

The key features of SHRM are

  • There is a clear link between HR policies and practices and overall organizational strategic objectives and business environment
  • There is some planning schema connects individual HR interventions so that they are mutually supportive
  • Much of the responsibility for the management of human resources is devolved down Line

Trends in Strategic Human Resource Management

Human Resource Management professionals are increasingly faced with issues of employee participation, human migration, performance, rewarding and high commitment work systems associated with globalization. Older solutions and recipes served in a local context do not work in an international context. Cross-cultural issues play a major role here. These are some of the major issues that HR professionals and senior management participate in SHRM’s face in the first decade of the 21st century

  • internationalization of market integration.
  • Increased competition, which can not be local or even national through the free market ideology
  • Rapid technological change.
  • new line and general management.
  • Constantly changing ownership and resultant business climate.
  • Cross-cultural issues
  • economic gravity shifting from “developed” to “developing” countries

SHRM also reflects some of the major contemporary challenges faced by HR: HR set of core policies, demographic trends in employment and labor market integration of soft skills in HRD and finally Knowledge Management.


  1. Armstrong, M (eds.) 192a) Methods of Human Resources :. A Total Business Approach London: Kogan Page
  2. Beer, M and Spector, B (eds) (1985) Readings in Human Resource Management New York :. Free Press
  3. boxer, P (1992) “ Strategic Human Resource Management 😕 Beginnings of New theoretical sophistication ‘Human Resource Management Journal, Vol.2 No.3 Spring.
  4. Fombrun, CJ, Tichy, N, M, and Deva, MA (1984) Strategic Human Resource Management New York :. Wiley
  5. Mintzberg, H, Quinn, JB, Ghoshal, S (198) The Strategy Process, Prentice Hall.
  6. truss, C Gratton, L (1994) ‘ Strategic Human Resource Management: A Conceptual Approach’ , International Journal of Human Resource Management, Vol.5 No.3


The Importance of Human Resources Department of the company


Human is more than useful in any organization, regardless of whether we refer to medical or educational one. This department is required by most companies in order to manage their human resources, more effectively. If you are asking yourself why a company would have an HR department, let me give you the answer: The first reason is HR recruitment – HR managers are trained to recruit the right people for certain positions released within the organization. If the company does not have the right people in the right places, their productivity will surely decrease. Their purpose is to hire the best qualified candidates and train them to the position they are going to occupy

Continuous development and training should be one of the biggest issues for a Human Resources :. New candidates need to be trained in order to learn strategy and become well acquainted with new tasks and duties. The next reason is that the HR department is the one that helps the organization communicate with their employees. There are many companies that have big problems because of the lack of communication :. If the employer does not know whether and why employees are unsatisfied, certain problems may appear and these problems can affect productivity and company performance

Sometimes, it is very difficult to communicate with employees, each of them has unique their problems and difficulties. This is why this process should take place in parallel: HR manager should maintain ongoing communication with all employees, listen to their suggestions and problems, which to properly asses all coming issues. Productivity and performance of the company depends on the HR department. This is why people who work in this department should be very well trained, have the necessary expertise in this field, enabling them to control certain HR-related problems.

Most HR managers must attend certain courses and certifications in order to be hired by the company. There are also companies that ask for human resources certification – this is different from the human resources department certificate because in order to catch it, the applicant must have special training and experience levels in this field

These are just. several reasons that make the human resources department absolutely essential addition to any organization or company.


Human Resource Management of Organizational performance


1. Introduction

Organizational success depends on having the right people in the right jobs at the right time to meet changing organizational requirements. The right people can be obtained by performing the role of human resources (HR) function. Below is a summary and explanation of how to evaluate HR jobs creation using HR activities in the architectural firm as an example. Human resource management (HRM), as defined Bratton, J. & Gold, J. (2003), is

“A Strategic Approach to management of employment relations that focuses on leveraging the potential of people is essential to achieve sustainable competitive advantage, provided that it has been done with a special set of integrated employment policies, programs and activities. “

According to this definition, we can see that human resources should not just handle recruitment, pay, and discharging, but also should maximize the use of human resources organization in a more strategic level. To describe what HRM in the organization, Ulrich, D. & Brocklebank, W. (2005) have compiled several HRM functions, such as employee advocate, human capital developer, functional expert, strategic partner and HR leader, etc.

important component company focused organization and direction towards achieving high levels of skill and competitiveness would depend very much on the human resource management practices of contributing effectively to profitability, quality, and other targets in accordance with the mission and vision company.

Staffing, training, compensation and performance management are fundamentally important tools in human resources practices that shape the role of the Agency in meeting the needs of stakeholders. Party organizations mainly consist of money that will reap the returns on their investments, customers who have wants and desires for high quality products or services are met, employees will work in the organization to be interesting with reasonable compensation and reward systems, and finally, the community would like to company to promote and participate in the activities and programs relating to the environment. Common rules and procedures of human resource management must be accompanied by the organization that provides a basic guide to the implementation of the certification. Teamwork among lower levels of employees and managers should be created and maintained to assist in various angles that would deem necessary eliminating communication breakdowns and Foster better relationships between employees. The board should focus on good corporate culture in order to develop employees and create a positive and conducive working environment

Performance (PA) is one of the most important things in a rational and general process of human resource management. The information obtained through the performance appraisal provides the basis for recruitment and selection of new hires, training and development of existing staff and encouraging and maintaining a quality work force with sufficient and appropriate to reward performance. Without reliable Performance systems, human resources management system falls apart, resulting in a total waste of valuable human assets a company has

There are two primary purpose of assessing performance :. Mats and development. The Evaluative purpose is designed to inform people about the status of their performance. The collected performance data are often used to reward performance and penalize poor performance. The purpose of development is designed to detect problems in workers perform assigned tasks. The collected performance data are used to provide the necessary skills training or career.

2. Affirmative action has helped many members of minority groups create equal opportunities in education and employment. Who could object to assist these minorities, who have suffered years of discrimination in getting equal opportunities they deserve? The problem is, affirmative action promotes racial preferences and quotas that cause mixed feelings. One-time supporters of affirmative action are now calling the “reverse discrimination”. If we want a stronger support for affirmative action that we need to get rid of preferential treatment.

back bone of affirmative action began with the ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment. The amendment abolished slavery and other involuntary labor, which showed it was calling for equal opportunities for all South Africa.

A comprehensive Human Resource Strategy plays an important role in achieving the overall strategic goals of the organization and visibly shows the human resources function fully understands and supports the direction the agency is moving. A comprehensive HR Strategy will also support other specific strategic objectives roads marketing, financial, operational and technical departments.

In fact, HR policy should aim to capture the “people factor” of what the organization is hoping to achieve in the medium to long term, to ensure that: –

o it has the right the people instead of

o it has the right mix of skills

or employees show the right attitude and behavior, and

o employees are developed properly.

If, as is sometimes the case, methods, structures and strategies have been developed without human resource input, arguments for HR strategy may be more to tease out the indirect people elements involved in programs, rather than simply made clear their “people” stuff.

An HR strategy will add value to the organization if it

o articulates better some of the common themes that underlie achieving other programs and processes that have not been fully defined before; and

o identify the fundamental underlying issues that need to be taken with any organization or company if its people to be motivated, committed and act effectively.

The first of these areas will include careful consideration of existing or developing strategies and methods to identify and draw attention to the common themes and effects that have not been made clear before.

Another area should be to define which of these plans and strategies are so fundamental that it must be clear plans to deal with them before the agency can achieve on any of their goals. These are likely to include:

or personnel planning

or succession | plan

o workforce skills programs

employment equity plans

o black economic reform initiatives

o encourage and reasonable concerns treatment

or price changes designed to recruit, retain and motivate people

o method of coordination to pay and classification across the organization to create alignment and possibly unequal pay claims

OA classification and remuneration system which is considered fair and give proper reward for the contribution of

o broader employment implications on staff recruitment retention, motivation etc.

OA consistent performance management framework is designed to meet the needs of all sectors of the organization including people

o career framework look at the development within the organization on equipping workers “employability” so that they can deal with increasingly frequent changes of employer and employment patterns

o policies and framework to ensure people development issues are addressed systematically, qualifications framework, self-directed learning, etc.

The HR strategy will need to show that careful planning people’s issues will make it significantly easier for the company to achieve wider strategic and operating goals.

In addition, the HR strategy can add value by ensuring that all other plans, the organization takes into account and plan for changes in the global environment, which are likely to have a major impact on the organization such as:

o changes in the whole sector – demographic and remuneration levels

o cultural changes that will affect future patterns of employment

o changes in employee relations climate

o changes in the legal framework surrounding employment

o HR practice and employment trends in other organizations, such as the new flexible working practices.

Finding the right opportunity to present the case to develop HR Strategy is important to ensure that it will support the initiative, and the initial value will be recognized by the Agency.

Giving a strong practical slant to the proposed policy can help to gain acceptance for the idea, such as the importance of good management practice. It is also important to build “early or quick wins” in all the new technologies

Other opportunities may present the ideal moment to encourage the development of HR Strategy: -.

oa major new internal initiative could present the right opportunity to push for the accompanying HR policies such as the restructuring exercise, corporate acquisition, joint venture or merger exercise.

OA for new form similar initiative could create the right climate for a new HR strategy – eg Black economic reform initiatives.

o In some cases, even negative news may provide the “right moment”, for example, the recent industrial action or employee dissatisfaction expressed by the climate survey.


Different areas of human resource


Every company has its own human resource department goals. However, this division is usually divided into four different parts, so that the focus can be given each factor equally. These four different areas of the department include employment, training and development, compensation and benefits and employee relations. All these four different areas keep focused in some way or the other and you can not run without the other. In fact, the company’s success depends on proper planning and management of these areas effectively.

These four different areas of human resource management have specific functions to perform. As the name suggests, the employment department is in charge of hiring for the company as and when required. This area looks really right candidate is selected on time. On the other hand, the next area- training and development starts working on recruitment of candidates have been done. There are professionals who are in charge of imparting training and educations for fresher and thus help the development of the necessary skills needed for the company.

As far as the compensation and benefits area of ​​human resource management is concerned, the main task is to look into the fact that all employees are entitled to receive allowances and benefits as promised them for their business. Last but not least, employee communication area looks really good and healthy relationship is maintained between the employer and the employee as well as between co-workers. This helps in efficient management and operations. Turn leads to success and profit organization as a whole.


Human Resources – What exactly does this Department do



Human Resources (HR) refer to employees or personnel of the organization. No matter how small or large your organization is, it depends on its human resources to provide the results to the organization. Just as vehicles need fuel to run, an organization needs human resources to run the show. It is the main driving force behind any successful business endeavor.

Human Resources also refer to activities that are centered on people and how to manage these people efficiently. People involved in the management of human resources organization is referred to as human resources professionals. They help control team organization staff by hiring the right people for the right job, the right training for them, give them the best experience possible to support them, encourage them, giving them the best evidence based on budget, manage their payroll, measure their effectiveness, reward them, and anything else that helps them to give the best possible performance to the ultimate success of the business.

Basically, measuring these professionals work performance of each individual using KPI (key performance indicator). KPI are quantifiable measurements that reflect the success or failure of the individual to achieve their goals and objectives. This can have a major impact towards the success of the company as a whole and should be taken seriously. From KPI of each individual, human resources experts will be able to coordinate the unique strengths of each person and the ability to work to the organization’s goals and objectives. At the same time, Human Services website will recognize his weaknesses as by offering them additional training or offering support in areas that they are sick.

Usually all companies, no matter small or large, require HR professionals to help manage the individuals in the organization. This ensures that each person in the organization is properly managed and can contribute their fair share of work to be successful organization. This includes everyone from the receptionist to the management and board of directors and shareholders. All these individuals have an important role to play and are responsible for the success or failure of a business. With this in mind, it makes certainly wise to have a professional HR person in the house; if this is something you can not do or do not want to do, let human resource services team handle these very important duties for you.

HR professional website generally has to be a people person. Their job requires them to deal with all kinds of people from all walks of life. They constantly have to listen to the reaction of each employee or complaints when needed and to ensure that all feedback and complaints are processed. Essentially, their job requires them to not only think about the employees’ well-being but also to ensure that they are performing in line with business goals and objectives.

men shared resources today are responsible for staffing major institutions with highly qualified individuals who will work on the organization’s goals and objectives. They are the main backbone of any successful business. They are the main support, but other departments running and working fully. Without them, everything else will fall apart. The HR department plays a very important role in every organization the same size.


Human Resources – Strategic Business Partner


Human Resources, with diverse internal and external customers its ability to touch all levels of the organization and known understanding of the environmental organization could not be more to the critical role of a strategic partner.

In the recently published 2008 annual letter to shareholders, General Electric CEO Jeff Immelt says the following: “….. The secret to all of these issues developing leaders is to have a great team of human resources professionals forever. Company will have passion for people. GE has a great HR team that protects the valuable human assets in. I want to give them special recognition this year …. “For years, GE has recognized the success of Bill Conaty, Senior Vice President of Corporate Human Resources. Bill Conaty is highly respected for its continued contribution to the organization. His insight and input has been invaluable. In 2004 an article by Anne Freedman, Conaty himself said: “I believe the real core and my values ​​my organization as a human resources leader, but without having a business grounding, I do not think I would be an effective HR partner.”

Organizations that are their employees to be the most valuable asset you can not afford to not have the manpower to work in a true strategic business partner role. Human Resource professionals with knowledge, skills and abilities, the ability to partner with senior leadership to not only participate in the strategic management organization and drive its implementation. As stated in “The 8 Practices of exceptional Organizations How Great Organizations make the most of their assets Human” by Jac Fitz-Enz, “Strategic plans will be laid on nuclear strategy, a solid wall effect. Core techniques lead to strategic plans, organizational structure, business plans, quantitative objectives and, ultimately, to particular human behavior and task performance. “Business Oriented HR professionals can help design a strategic plan that balances the needs of the organization, employees and other stakeholders. It can help to coordinate the efforts of various functions in the organization with the strategic objectives of the program, and it can support the action by ensuring that they can recruit, develop and maintain the necessary members of the company team. HR, the strategic partners of the company should be drivers affiliates level that drivers strategic plan.

HR shall be responsible for own leadership and employee development, as well as direct all communication efforts, especially as it relates to the pulse of the employee population. Succession | plan is in strategic HR partner should be involved in. As discussed in “Good to Great” by Jim Collins, have the right people on the bus, the wrong people off the bus, and the right people in the right place is crucial to the success of any organization -. who better than to control people process the strategic HR partner

To meet strategic business partner role, HR leaders must understand the business organization. In addition to fully understand business, HR must understand the environment in which it operates, competition, and the conditions that could affect the progress of the organization. HR can no longer focus on its own internal projects. It will be responsible for HR’s strategy, objectives and priorities are driven by and aligned with the overall business needs. It will bring major affiliate business managers, as well as key figures in other functions within the company. While operational HR role from day to day, which is required to run the organization are not strategic in nature will guarantee to reflect the objectives of the organization. There needs to be more integrated global company-wide process that considers how each HR programs can help move the entire organization in the right direction.

In addition to HR increase their knowledge of the structure and solid partnership through cooperation communication efforts, increase their knowledge in other areas is extremely important to be a successful strategic partner. HR will increase their knowledge of finance and accounting, marketing and sales, operations, and information technology and focus on key business skills. Almost every function in an organization, you can refer to that task. That is why it is important for professionals in HR to improve project management skills. In addition to project management skills, strategic partners HR companies must fully understand the strategic planning. HR must be able to manage change, perform environmental scanning, and understand the importance of outsourcing and process associated with outsourcing. Being able to manage technology and measure the performance of all programs, company-wide and efforts are equally important. HR should also play an important role in leadership training, shall be responsible for the implementation of the strategy to become an employer and should be responsible for leading a program to safe guard your business success by external factors.

To summarize, Human Resource professionals touch every level and every department in the company. Because of the involvement of the company, employees at all levels to get to know and trust the members of the HR team. Because knowledge of HR with the change management process and human capital, enjoy successful companies have HR full time on strategic business partner role. If your business is not already doing so, allow Human Resources to be represented at meetings alongside other senior leaders. There is no more appropriate functional group within the company to be responsible for leading the development of strategic plans, implementation of key technologies, and lay organizations succeed in implementing its program, but Human Resources.


The Importance of Human Resources Management hotel


One of the most important departments of the hotel’s human resources. Proper human resource management can be the difference between a very well-run and poorly one hotel. The human resources manager can control almost all the feeling and the presence of the entire property. This makes the importance of human resources for very prominent.

There are several different areas where human resources is very important. One of these areas is the recently hired employees. Employees who are engaged in hotel can really change the quality of service and the whole atmosphere of the hotel. This means that it is very important to choose upbeat, dedicated employees for each position. It is the role of the HR to ensure that good people do work on the property. In many cases, many employees of the hotel are only involved in every room work because they can find nothing else to do. Not very many people have a dream to run or serve in a hotel environment. However, there are some who want to work in that role, it is the job of human resources manager to find these people.

Retention of employees is another major problem in the hotel service business. Because so many of the staff do not have hotel work that ends his career goals, many of them only work in a hotel for a short time. Other employees may have to let go because of poor work ethics or other issues. However, there are ways that a hotel human resources manager can curb some desire and the likelihood that employees will move to other jobs quickly. The importance of human resources management for hotels is very large in this area. Administrators can provide good training and incentive programs that will cause workers to stay longer at the hotel. Have a clear progression plan to move to higher levels of service will also cause employees to stick around much longer.

Version progression of staff and promotion is also another big issue for the hotel industry. The importance of human resource management for hotels is proven in this area. Hotels that provide ways for employees to go to the state, or to provide training for workers so that they can acquire the skills required for a position are very important to the retention rate of employees. It is easy to implement this kind of service and the cost is minimal compared to the cost and time required to constantly find new employees to replace the ones that always leave shortly after being hired. One of the easiest things to implement is English lessons. Many employees hotels do not speak English very well, and so there is an incentive for them to be working on the property if they are offered English lessons.

The importance of human resources management for hotels is also important in the area of ​​employee services. If employees know that they can come to Staff when they have a problem or issue, it is easier for them to work with a clear conscience. Many human resources departments implement different games and activities to make the work environment more interesting and fun for employees. There are many different services as human resources manager can think of to help employee morale. Maybe the hotel could perform babysitting, or park day every year. These small services go a long way to make happy employees. Happy employees make happy companies and happy customers.

As you can see, the importance of human resources management for hotels is very high. There are thousands of ways that human resources manager can make a hotel run more smoothly and efficiently. There are many different areas that can benefit from the experience and guidance of staff. Therefore it is very important to not undermine the importance of the manager. Without Staff property is not the same or as pleasing to customers and employees.


Human Resources – duties and responsibilities of the HR department


What exactly is your Human Resources Department do? This is a difficult question to answer, even for the owner. Human Resources is one area that tends to develop on their own, and in that department all are responsible for their own unique piece of the development. Some employee oriented and work on projects and solutions that help the worker. Others are numbers crunchers, those who recommend cuts in personnel when it seems that the company could be on the verge of taking a loss. In some companies, the layoffs would be the responsibility of HR, or they could be a task reserved for the management or ownership.

Apart from the unique make-up of individual departments resource persons, all of them have some things in common. They are all responsible for recruiting and hiring and who needs to have their own applicant tracking systems. It could be automated recruitment tracking software or manila file folders. If you’re still using the latter you might want to update. Paper filing systems are not only obsolete – they are inefficient. When a folder is placed in the wrong place, it is often not discovered. Quality job seekers fall through the cracks like that all the time.

Most human resource departments also need to keep track of the rules and required hiring quotas. There are compliance issues when it comes to hiring and employment. Foremost among these are the EEOC and OFCCP, federal rules require equality of employment and enforcement action. If you are to modernize and install new job applicant tracking system, you might want to look into web based recruiting software that downloads regularly in these areas when the law changed. As paper filing systems, keeping track of these things without automation is obsolete and dangerous job.

Human Resource departments are also usually responsible for benefits administration. There are statutes in place at state and county levels published by these benefits in certain areas. Health care is one of the major, and perhaps the most promoted in recent years, but there are others. Regulations and liability issues of retirement funds, direct deposit, and stock awards can get quite complicated. It is up to the HR department to translate all those wordy rules and explain the average worker. Some companies keep even a lawyer or paralegal in HR especially for the purpose. Your presence is not required, but it does help.

What other human resources departments do? When new businesses open and start to build, they put a great responsibility in the hands of human resources. As time goes by, they are responsible sometimes removed and went on to other departments, but more often than not they be with HR, making it one of the more complex and important departments in your company. Do you know what they do? If you are a business owner or site manager and you do not know, you might want to go there and find out. That knowledge could come in handy at some point.